Queen Victoria’s Book of Spells edited by Ellen Datlow and Terri Windling

Queen Victoria’s Book of SpellsQueen Victorias Book of Spells
Edited by Ellen Datlow and Terri Windling
Tor Books
First Edition: 3/19/13
ISBN 978-0-7653-3227-1

Take 19 established and talented writers.  Give them the chance to craft stories full of fantasy, magic, gaslight, alternate history and/or visceral horror.  Mix in a Victorian-era mindset and a nod to lingering folklore, with perhaps a puff of punkish steam, and hand them off to two of perhaps the most accomplished editors of the day, and you have Queen Victoria’s Book of Spells.

This focused yet far ranging anthology – each tale is set in the 19th century – has something for all fantasy tastes, with every one of the 18 short stories proving to be not only engaging, but, I would daresay, engrossing.  Not all of the stories have Queen Victoria as a character, (although at least three do), and not all of them involve spells, (although quite a few of them do), but all of them look at life in the Victorian age in a unique and quite imaginative way.

Take my three favorites, very different, but very evocative.  In the initial offering, “Queen Victoria’s Book of Spells” by Delia Sherman, we find a modern Yankee researcher delving deeply into the British Royal Archives, granted grudging access to an ancient folio suspected of harboring secret insights into one of England’s most revered figures.  In this iteration of our world, magic and sorcery are common, and the Queen herself, (as were many royals and high-breds), had been well schooled in the magical arts.  But only recently had the full extent of the Queen’s abilities been explored, and what the young researcher uncovers, (through her own, special magical talent), is a view of Victoria unlike any other, explaining with a supernatural bent some of the mysteries of her reign.  Yet beyond the historical import, the unraveling of Victoria’s oratio obscura spells allows us to witness quite candidly the hopes and fears of not just one, but two strong, intelligent, yet ultimately lonely women.

Limited magical education, my sweet aunt Sally.  Clearly, there was more to Our Dear Queen than even the most revisionist historians imagined.  Reggie is going to be delighted.  I just wish I didn’t feel quite so much like a trained pig, hunting for truffles.

More than just a historical fantasy, this imaginative story speaks to female isolation, a desire to connect and a response to powerful knowledge, not only those of bygone days felt by a queen, but ones still in play and felt by a sympathetic modern woman, as well.

“La Reine d’Enfer” by Kathe Koja is a tour de force of language used to encapsulate a world familiar yet lost in the past.  Set in the seedier side of Victorian England, this Dickensian tale follows a young London street urchin whose fair looks and penchant for recitation mask a dark and powerful secret.  To young Pearlie, all of his dirty world is a stage on which he performs, and the most rapturous of words merely a means to an end.  At times unflinchingly brutal, “La Reine d’Enfer” spins a story of seizing opportunity, where the players evoke no sympathy and yet make your heart ache at the same time.

Davey had his own way of talking, and he taught me to talk it as well, that is, the kind of elocution that gets a fellow somewheres in this world.  The way the gentlemen like for you to talk, to pretend that what you do with them is a lark for both of you, a jolly wolly roly-poly while they’re dosing you with the Remedy and sodding themselves off.

The speech patterns, phrases and unapologetic expressions of life in the back alleys and back rooms are strong and coherent throughout the entire work; even when you don’t exactly know what is going on, the dark pictures drawn are still clear and immersive – and chilling.  Sometimes it’s truly hard to tell who is the victim in this story, and who is the one preying on others, even in the name of survival.

Also chilling is the tale “Phosphorus” by Veronica Schanoes, which completely circumvents the glamour of the Victorian era by focusing on the very real exploitation and suffering of the working class.  Set at the time of the “matchgirl strike” of 1888, where workers at the Bryant & May Factory (makers of phosphorus matches known as “lucifers”) walked out in protest of working conditions and unfair labor practices, “Phosphorus” chronicles the life of one young woman who has contracted “phossy jaw”, a condition caused by coming into contact with the toxic phosphorus element which rots the bones in the jaw and leads to eventual organ failure.

It begins with a toothache.  And those are not uncommon, not where you live, not when you live.  Not uncommon at all.  But you know what it means, and you know what comes next, not matter how hard you try to put it out of your mind.  For now, the important thing is to keep it from the foreman.  And for a while, you can.  You can swallow the clawing pain in your mouth just as you swallow the blood from your tender gums, along with your bread during the lunch break.  If you have bread, that day.  A mist of droplets floats through the room, making the air hazy, hard to see through.  They settle on your bread.

Your teeth hurt, but you can keep that from the foreman.  You can eat your bit of bread and keep that secret.

But then your face begins to swell.

Combining historical events with wrenching human drama, and folding in “old world” Irish folklore and superstition, this story is permeated with a sense of helplessness, hopelessness and sacrifice.  These voices from our past that author Schanoes has resurrected are truly haunting, not due completely to the spectral elements, either, but as a remembrance of how far we have come and to what we owe the cavalier way in which we live our modern lives.

And these are just three of the 18 stories in this entertaining anthology.  Some of the other tales are equally imaginative, ranging from a decidedly mercenary treatment of fairies in the burgeoning era of the Industrial Revolution, (“The Fairy Enterprise” by Jeffrey Ford), to what happens to Scrooge and the others after A Christmas Carol ends, (“A Few Twigs He Left Behind” by Gregory Maguire), from a frenetic fantasy of manners born from an imaginative letter game, (“The Vital Importance of the Superficial” by Ellen Kushner and Caroline Stevermer), to the sweet story of a truly literary creation, (“Estella Saves the Village” by Theodora Goss), Queen Victoria’s Book of Spells holds jewels for everyone – including some that may be unexpected, but will be treasured all the more for that wonderful discovery.

~ Sharon Browning

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